During the winter, opportunities for great photos are everywhere. From beautiful, snowy landscapes to snowball fights to sledding in the snow, winter pictures can be dazzling. Winter photography has some obstacles--harsh weather, less daylight, moisture that can damage your camera--but by following a few suggestions, you can take breathtaking winter pictures.
You can't take great photos if you're shaking too much to hold the camera steady. Wear warm clothing, so you'll feel comfortable and more focused. Layering is best: it gives you more flexibility, so if you move to a warmer location, you can simply take off a layer or two. The same is true for if you need more freedom of movement in order to get in the right position to take a picture. Hats, gloves, boots and heavy coats are necessities for winter photography.
Protect your camera.
When taking winter pictures, you'll have to deal with extreme conditions: cold temperatures, snow, ice. If exposed to the elements, your camera and photographs could be ruined. Keep a lint-free cloth on hand to wipe moisture off the camera lens, and store your equipment in a zippered bag when you're not using it.
Use special effects.
Winter pictures provide some of the greatest opportunity for experimentation. Explore different techniques to liven up your photos, especially when taking action shots. When photographing a snowball fight or people sledding or making snow angels, try a slow shutter speed or use a panning. For still shots, use a soft focus technique, either with a soft focus filter, or by stretching a piece of sheer material over the lens.
Use a flash.
Snow makes for beautiful winter pictures, but if your focus is not on the snow but on some subject in the foreground, reflections on the snow may interfere with your shot. Use a flash to even out any dark shadows or light patches in the snowy background.